Scott Wise

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BIS Proposed Expansion of Export Controls of Spraying and Fogging Systems Could Affect Agriculture Industry and Spray Equipment Used in Other Industries

Earlier this week, the Bureau of Industry and Security (“BIS”) published a request for public comment regarding a proposed expansion of export controls under the Export Administration Regulations (“EAR”) for certain spraying or fogging systems, which are controlled under Export Control Classification Number (“ECCN”) 2B352.i.  Currently, the ECCN controls only spraying or fogging equipment that … Continue Reading

Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act of 2018 (FIRRMA)

After months of negotiation, Congress recently passed, and the president is expected to sign, the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act of 2018 (“FIRRMA”).[1]  FIRRMA updates the national security review of inbound investments undertaken by the Committee on Foreign Investments in the United States (“CFIUS” or “the Committee”), an interagency body located within the Treasury … Continue Reading

DDTC and BIS Propose New Rules to Continue Export Control Reform Initiative

As part of the ongoing Export Control Reform initiative, the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (“DDTC”) and Bureau of Industry and Security (“BIS”) has issued proposed rules that would move certain items currently controlled on the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (“ITAR”) to the Export Administration Regulations (“EAR”).  The proposed rules would move some items … Continue Reading

Trump Administration Considering Using IEEPA to Block Chinese Acquisitions

According to Bloomberg, the Trump administration is considering using the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA) to block Chinese investments in industries or technologies “deemed important” to the U.S.  (This statute has been used primarily to authorize economic sanctions and embargoes administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control).  To utilize IEEPA, the President must … Continue Reading

Export Compliance Obligations for Transactions between U.S. Companies and India to be Reduced

In the near future, trade between the U.S. and India will likely be simplified.  Late last week, the Wassenaar Arrangement admitted India as a member (India’s membership will be formalized shortly), and the Australia Group is expected to admit India in the coming months.  Both organizations are Multilateral Export Control Regimes that inform U.S. export … Continue Reading

Congress Proposes Increased Scrutiny on Foreign Investments in the U.S.

A bipartisan group of co-sponsors in both the House and the Senate recently introduced the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act (“FIRRMA”).  These substantively identical bills demonstrate that Congress is now considering increasing the scrutiny of foreign investment in the U.S., particularly from China. The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (“CFIUS”) is … Continue Reading

New Sanctions Placed on Trade with Cuba

On Thursday November 9th,  the Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) published new regulations in the Federal Register executing June’s National Security Presidential Memorandum (“NSPM”) regarding U.S. sanctions against Cuba.  (See our previous post on the NSPM here).  The State Department and Bureau of Industry and Security (“BIS”) also published complementary rules giving effect to the … Continue Reading

Trump Administration Threatens Unilateral Sanctions Against North Korea’s Trading Partners

Treasury Secretary Mnuchin announced Wednesday that the Trump Administration was considering sanctioning any country that continues trade with North Korea if the United Nations does not approve additional sanctions against the country.  At an emergency UN meeting in the wake of an additional North Korean nuclear test over the weekend, the U.S. proposed stricter sanctions towards the … Continue Reading

Trump Issues New Cuba Restrictions

Late last week, President Trump issued a directive that would purportedly “cancel” the recent changes in the Cuban Assets Control Regulations made under President Obama’s administration.  This announcement caused confusion in the business community, which had relied on the Obama administration’s changes to begin commercial engagement in Cuba.  Even though the directive actually leaves many … Continue Reading

Appeals Court Says That Actual Arrival In Iran Is Not Necessary For OFAC To Find Violation

On May 26, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit remanded for further consideration OFAC’s imposition of a $4 million penalty against Epsilon Electronics for 39 shipments found to violate the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations (“ITSR”).  According to the DC Circuit, OFAC failed to meet its burden to justify its finding of … Continue Reading
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